Phonics in Nursery builds the foundations for later reading. Children must develop strong listening skills to enable them to tune in to sounds and distinguish the sounds around them. Children must be able to replicate sounds in different ways using their voice, body and instruments. Exploring changing sounds with volume, tempo and beat. Children develop the skills to break down words through activities with songs, stories and sounds. Following rhythm and rhyming sounds are key and can be taught through regular singing time.